How to use your gears efficiently

I’m still learning how to become an effective cyclist. I currently don’t have any method or technique for gear switching and cadence. However, after a Google search, I came across a great article from http://totalwomenscycling.com on how to use your gears effectively. See some highlights below.

1. LOW GEAR – Great For Climbing

This is a great gear for climbing. Switch down to this gear combination as you approach the climb. You’ll be able to climb the hill slowly and steadily with less effort.
Front gear = Small chainring
Back gear = The largest sprockets (e.g. 1-3)

2. MIDDLE GEAR – Great For Everyday Terrain

Learn how to set up your middle gear, with the middle chainring on triple and the middle sprockets at the rear.
Front gear = Small chainring on double/compact
= Middle chainring on triple
Back gear = The middle sprockets (e.g. 3­-6)
The medium gear is perfect for flat or undulating terrain.

3. HIGH GEAR – Great For Descending

Learn how to set up your high gear, with the big chainring at the front and small sprocket at the rear.
Front gear = Big chainring
Back gear = Smallest sprockets (e.g. 4-7)
A high gear is perfect for descending.
You will also want to get into a high gear for accelerating.
In a high gear, you travel a long way for each turn of the pedal.

AVOID This Combination Of Gears

It may cause your chain to slip, not shift properly, and will stretch and damage the bike chain over time. Front gear = smallest chainring Back gear = smallest sprocket

Also AVOID This Combination Of Gears

It may cause your chain to slip, not shift properly, and will stretch and damage the bike chain over time. Front gear = biggest chainring, Back gear = biggest sprocket

“On flat or rolling terrain on your own or in a group you should be looking to have a cadence of between 80-99 revolutions of the pedal per minute.”

Read more at http://totalwomenscycling.com/road-cycling/technique/technique-how-to-use-your-gears-efficiently-9497/#ogmu62CimaAJwlf2.99